Heinz Barwich (1911-10 Apr 1966) was a German Physicist. From 1934 to 1945, as a nuclear physicist, he worked in the Stiemans Research Laboratory under Gustav Hertz in Berlin. From 1945 to 1955, when he returned to East Germany (GDR), he worked on the Soviet atomic bomb with V. S. Emel'ianov. In 1948, he seperated from his first wife. In 1955, they were divorced. In 1960, he married Elfriede Barwich. From 1955 to 1956, he was an adviser at the German Academy of Sciences. From 1956 to 1961, he was director of the East German Central Institute for Nuclear Research (Zentralinstitut fur Kernforschung, ZfK). From 1956 to 1961, he was also professor at the Technical Higher School in Dresden. From May 1961 to 1964, he was deputy director of the Soviet Bloc Joint Institute for Nuclear Research in Dubna, Russia. From about September 1962, he was a volunteer CIA agent. In June 1964, he returned as ZfK director. On 6 September 1964, while attending the Third UN Conference on the Peaceful Uses of Atomic Energy in Geneva, Switzerland, he defected to the US. In December 1964, he testified before the US Senate Subcommittee on Internal Security. He wrote "Das Rote Atom" (1967). Codenamed Professor.
- "All our suffering comes from a deficiency to stand up for our beliefs."
- Original German: "Unser ganzes Elend kommt vom Mangel an Zivilcourage."