Benito Mussolini

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Benito Mussolini. Pictured in 1923.

Benito Amilcare Andrea Mussolini (29 July 1883 - 28 April 1945) was the prime minister of Italy under Victor Emmanuel III of Italy, from 1922 until 1943, when he was overthrown; he then became the leader of the Italian Social Republic from 1943 to 1945.


  • Shoot me in the chest.
    • Mussolini's last words. Quoted in "Mussolini" - Page 195 - by Peter Neville - 2004
  • I shall make my own life a masterpiece.
  • Better to live a day as a lion than 100 years as a sheep.
  • The Fascist accepts life and loves it, knowing nothing of and despising suicide; he rather conceives of life as duty and struggle and conquest, life which should be high and full, lived for oneself, but not above all for others -- those who are at hand and those who are far distant, contemporaries, and those who will come after.
  • If I advance; follow me! if I retreat; kill me! if I die; avenge me!
    • Comment made after an assassination attempt against Mussolini. "Procession", John Gunther, 27 January 2008.
  • And above all, Fascism, the more it considers and observes the future and the development of humanity quite apart from political considerations of the moment, believes neither in the possibility nor the utility of perpetual peace... War alone brings up to its highest tension all human energy and puts the stamp of nobility upon the people who have the courage to meet it.
    • from "International Conciliation", the publication of the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace
  • Fascism conceives of the State as an absolute, in comparison with which all individuals or groups are relative, only to be conceived in their relation to the State.
    • New York Times article, 11 January 1935
  • Speeches made to the people are essential to the arousing of enthusiasm for a war.
    • Quoted in Talks with Mussolini (1932) by Emil Ludwig
  • Our program is simple: we wish to govern Italy. They ask us for programs but there are already too many. It is not programs that are wanting for the salvation of Italy but men and will power.
    • Quoted in "A History of Civilization" - Page 520 - by Crane Brinton, John B. Christopher, Robert Lee Wolff - 1955
  • The Socialists ask what is our program? Our program is to smash the heads of the Socialists.
    • Quoted in "A History of Terrorism" - Page 71 - by Walter Laqueur - Political Science - 2001
  • All within the state, nothing outside the state, nothing against the state.
    • Quoted in "Propaganda and Dictatorship" - Page 48 - by Marx Fritz Morstein - History - 2007
  • For my part I prefer fifty thousand rifles to five million votes.
    • Quoted in "Benito Mussolini: The Rise and Fall of Il Duce" - Page 40 - by Christopher Hibbert - 1965
  • Fortunately the Italian people has not yet accustomed itself to eat many times a day, and possessing a modest level of living, it feels deficiency and suffering less.
    • Quoted in "Garlic and Oil: Food and Politics in Italy" - Page 64 - by Carol F. Helstosky - Social Science - 2006
  • I am not a collector of deserts!
    • Quoted in "Duce!: A Biography of Benito Mussolini" - Page 125 - by Richard Collier - History - 1971
  • Race? It is a feeling, not a reality. Nothing will ever make me believe that biologically pure races can be shown to exist today.
    • Quoted in "Dictators and Democrats" - Page 68 - by Lawrence A. Fernsworth - 1941
  • Fascism should more properly be called corporatism, since it is the merger of state and corporate power.
    • Quoted in "Crossing the Rubicon" - Page 15 - by Michael C. Ruppert, Catherine Austin Fitts - History - 2004
  • Believe, obey, fight.
    • Quoted in "Mussolini and Fascism" - Page 46 - by Patricia Knight - History - 2003
  • It is humiliating to remain with our hands folded while others write history. It matters little who wins. To make a people great it is necessary to send them to battle even if you have to kick them in the pants. That is what I shall do.
    • Quoted in "Famous Lines: A Columbia Dictionary of Familiar Quotations" - Page 330 - by Robert Andrews - 1997
  • The struggle between the two worlds [Fascism and Democracy] can permit no compromises. The new cycle which begins with the ninth year of the Fascist regime places the alternative in even greater relief- either we or they, either their ideas or ours, either our State or theirs!
    • Quoted in "Fundamentals of critical argumentation" - Page 263 - by Douglas Walton - Philosophy - 2005
  • Liberty is a duty, not a right.
    • Quoted in "Ezra Pound and Italian Fascism" - Page 114 - by Tim Redman - 1991
  • The best blood will at some time get into a fool or a mosquito.
    • Quoted in "20,000 quips & quotes" - Page 83 - by Evan Esar
  • Blood alone moves the wheels of history.
    • Quoted in "Crash Gordon and the Mysteries of Kingsburg" - Page 507 - by Derek Swannson - 2007
  • The truth is that men are tired of liberty.
    • Quoted in "Crash Gordon and the Mysteries of Kingsburg" - Page 507 - by Derek Swannson - 2007
  • War is to man what maternity is to a woman. From a philosophical and doctrinal viewpoint, I do not believe in perpetual peace.
    • Quoted in "Crash Gordon and the Mysteries of Kingsburg" - Page 507 - by Derek Swannson - 2007 and quoted in "The Military Quotation Book" - Page 2 - by James Charlton - 2002
  • This is the epitaph I want on my tomb: "Here lies one of the most intelligent animals who ever appeared on the face of the Earth."
    • Quoted in "The Book of Italian Wisdom" - Page 50 - by Antonio Santi - 2003
  • Lenin is an artist who has worked men, as other artists have worked marble or metals. But men are harder than stone and less malleable than iron. There is no masterpiece. The artist has failed. The task was superior to his capacities.
    • Quoted in "Mussolini in the Making" - Page 326 - by Gaudens Megaro - 1938
  • Three cheers for the war. Three cheers for Italy's war and three cheers for war in general. Peace is hence absurd or rather a pause in war.
    • Quoted in "Political Theory" - Page 780
  • We have buried the putrid corpse of liberty.
    • Quoted in "Bolshevism Fascism" - Page 4 - by Maurice Parmelee - History - 2007
Benito Mussolini poster

About Mussolini

  • What a man! I have lost my heart!... Fascism has rendered a service to the entire world... If I were Italian, I am sure I would have been with you entirely from the beginning of your victorious struggle against the bestial appetites and passion of Leninism.

Surette, 27 January 2008.

  • Mussolini was the greatest man of our century, but he committed certain disasterous errors. I, who have the advantage of his precedent before me, shall follow in his footsteps but also avoid his errors.
    • Juan Perón. Quoted in "Argentina, 1943-1979: The National Revolution and Resistance" by Donald C. Hodges.
  • Benito Mussolini is a Magnificent Beast. No apology is needed for an expression which the Duce himself would have found correct, and which fits like a glove—-a boxing glove.
  • Mussolini is a brilliant thinker whose philosophy, though unorthodox, flows out of the true European tradition. If he is a myth-maker, he is, like Plato's guardians, conscious that "the noble lie" is a lie.
    • Richard Crossman in 1939's Government and the Governed: A History of Political Ideas and Political Practice
  • What a waste that we lost Mussolini. He is a first-rate man who would have led our party to power in Italy.
    • Vladimir Lenin, addressed to a delegation of Italian socialists in Moscow after Mussolini's March on Rome in 1922. Quoted in "Third World Ideology and Western Reality" - Page 15 - by Carlos Rangel - 1986.
  • Mussolini is a great executive, a true leader of men, and the great works he has accomplished are his genuine fortifications to a high place in history and in the hearts of his people.
  • Fascism was really the basis for the New Deal. It was Mussolini's success in Italy, with his government-directed economy, that led the early New Dealers to say "But Mussolini keeps the trains running on time."
    • Ronald Reagan. Time in 1976. Reagan adviser Jude Wanniski has indicated that, in 1933, New Dealers as well as much of the world admired Mussolini’s success in avoiding the Great Depression.
If I advance, follow me! if I retreat, kill me! if I die, avenge me!


  • Don't worry, papa, I know there is no such person as God.
    • To his strongly atheistic father before leaving for a boarding school run by Salesian monks.
  • The first thing is the state - and from the state are derived the rights and fate of the people. Humans come second.
    • 1932
  • Let us have a dagger between our teeth, a bomb in our hands and an infinite scorn in our hearts.
  • The history of saints is basically the history of insane people.
  • What is one life in the affairs of the state? - after running down a child in his car
  • It's good to trust others, but not to do so is much better.
  • Racism is for the blondes (Germans).
  • Ruling the Italians is not difficult; it's pointless.
  • Socialism is a fraud, a comedy, a phantom, a blackmail.
  • The Mediterranean sea is our Italian Mare Nostrum.
  • The function of a citizen and a soldier are inseparable.
  • He is a pederast.
    • Said about Hitler before the two were allies (he accused Hitler of assassinating his friend, Austrian dictator Engelbert Dollfuß).

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