Fernand Braudel (August 24, 1902–November 27, 1985) was a French historian. He revolutionized the 20th century study of his discipline by considering the effects of economics and geography on global history. He was a prominent member of the Annales School of historiography, who concentrated on meticulous historical analysis in the social sciences.
- Events are the ephemera of history; they pass across its stage like fireflies, hardly glimpsed before they settle back into darkness and as often as not into oblivion. Every event, however brief, has to be sure a contribution to make, lights up some dark corner or even some wide vista of history.
- The Mediterranean (1949)
- Capitalism only triumphs when it becomes identified with the state, when it is the state.
- Capitalism laughs at frontiers.