John Charles Polanyi (born January 23, 1929) is a Jewish-Hungarian-German-English-Canadian chemist. He was awarded the Nobel Prize in chemistry in 1986 for his experiments in understanding chemical processes better, and for his discoveries in reaction dynamics. Polányi was born of Hungarian parents; his father was Mihály Polányi, a natural scientist. He lives in Canada.
- "Idealism is the highest form of reason"