Marvin Julian Miller (born April 14 1917) was appointed the very first executive director of the Major League Players Association (MLBPA) in 1966. In that capacity, he was instrumental in getting the owners to agree to arbitration of salary disputes. This agreement ensured that impartiality would be brought into the process, since disputes would be presented before an independent arbitrator, and not the Comissioner, as had been the case previously. Miller also helped to eliminate the reserve clause and give players the right to become free agents. Miller remained as executive director until 1982.
- Most people have not fully understood what that collusive effort meant; that it was an agreement not to improve your team. It was an agreement that no matter how important these free agents are, superstars available to improve your team, to fill in holes on a team that could otherwise be a pennant contender. It was an agreement ‘you will not under any circumstances make an offer to a free agent, no matter how good he is’. And that is really a conspiracy to fix the pennant race. And I think that, in terms of scandalous proportions, that collusive conspiracy really was far worse than what it is generally conceded to be the worst scandal, the Black Sox Scandal involving eight players. This involved all 26 owners and all their officials and not for one series but for three consecutive and possibly four years.