Solon

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You made your rulers mighty, gave them guards, so now you groan 'neath slavery's heavy rod.

Solon (c. 638 BC – c. 558 BC) was an Athenian statesman, lawgiver and poet. He is numbered among the Seven Sages of Greece.

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  • An unlucky rich man is more capable of satisfying his desires and of riding out disaster when it strikes, but a lucky man is better off than him…He is the one who deserves to be described as happy. But until he is dead, you had better refrain from calling him happy, and just call him fortunate.
  • If through your vices you afflicted are,
    Lay not the blame of your distress on God;
    You made your rulers mighty, gave them guards,
    So now you groan 'neath slavery's heavy rod.
  • Consider your honour, as a gentleman, of more weight than an oath.
    • Diogenes Laërtius (trans. C. D. Yonge) The Lives and Opinions of Eminent Philosophers (1853), "Solon", sect. 12, p. 29.
  • Rule, after you have first learned to submit to rule.
    • Diogenes Laërtius (trans. C. D. Yonge) The Lives and Opinions of Eminent Philosophers (1853), "Solon", sect. 12, p. 29.
  • Watch well each separate citizen,
    Lest having in his heart of hearts
    A secret spear, one still may come
    Saluting you with cheerful face,
    And utter with a double tongue
    The feigned good wishes of his wary mind.
    • Diogenes Laërtius (trans. C. D. Yonge) The Lives and Opinions of Eminent Philosophers (1853), "Solon", sect. 13, p. 29.
  • Wealth I desire to have; but wrongfully to get it, I do not wish.
    Justice, even if slow, is sure.
    • Plutarch Solon, ch. 2; translation by Bernadotte Perrin. [2]
  • For often evil men are rich, and good men poor;
    But we will not exchange with them
    Our virtue for their wealth since one abides always,
    While riches change their owners every day.
    • Plutarch Solon, ch. 3; translation by Bernadotte Perrin. [3]
  • That city in which those who are not wronged, no less than those who are wronged, exert themselves to punish the wrongdoers.
    • Plutarch Solon, ch. 18; translation by Bernadotte Perrin. [4]
    • Having been asked what city was best to live in.
  • As the Deity has given us Greeks all other blessings in moderation, so our moderation gives us a kind of wisdom which is timid, in all likelihood, and fit for common people, not one which is kingly and splendid. This wisdom, such as it is, observing that human life is ever subject to all sorts of vicissitudes, forbids us to be puffed up by the good things we have, or to admire a man's felicity while there is still time for it to change.
    • Plutarch Solon, ch. 27; translation by Bernadotte Perrin. [5]
  • I grow old ever learning many things.
    • Plutarch Solon, ch. 31; translation by Bernadotte Perrin. [6]

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