Zhuge Liang (181 - 234) was one of the greatest Chinese strategists of the Three Kingdoms era as well as a statesman, engineer, scholar and inventor. Zhuge is an uncommon two-character compound family name. His name (or even just his surname) has become synonymous with intelligence and wit in Chinese culture.
- Those who are skilled at combat do not become angered. Those who are skilled at winning do not become afraid. Thus the wise win before they fight and the ignorant fight to win.
- Strength is but only one aspect of power.
- This usually means it takes more than manpower to win a battle, it takes strategy.